Ideology and Holy Landscape in the Baltic Crusades
Ideology and Holy Landscape in the Baltic Crusades
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Chapter 1: Landscape Imagery in the Texts Documenting the Baltic Crusades  
Chapter 2: Literary Themes and Landscape Sacralization in the Written Evidence for the Baltic Crusades  
Chapter 3: Mapping Landscape Sacralization during the Baltic Crusades, Thirteenth to Fourteenth Century  
Chapter 4: Relics, Processions, and Sacred Landscape in the Baltic, Thirteenth to Fourteenth Century   
Chapter 5: Space, Visual Culture, and Landscape Sacralization in the Baltic  
Concordance of Places 
Appendix: Relics in the Baltic Region (Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries)  


Gregory Leighton

Ideology and Holy Landscape in the Baltic Crusades

This book examines how the military orders and the ideology of crusading gave rise to a new sacred landscape in the medieval Baltic region, an outpost of Latin Christianity. Drawing on a wide variety of sources and international scholarship, the book discusses the paganism of the landscape in written sources pre-dating the crusades, in addition to the narrative, legal, and visual evidence of the crusade period. It draws out the key sacralizing elements as expressed in those sources, which structure the definition of sacred landscape, particularly martyrdom, the manifestation of the sacred, and use of relics in battle. By analyzing these aspects with Geographical Information Systems (GIS), a map of the Baltic campaigns emerges that provides a fresh approach to studying contemporary views of holy war in a region with no initial links to the loca sancta of Jerusalem or Europe.
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Gregory Leighton

Gregory Leighton earned his PhD in History (2018) from Cardiff University, where he studied the Teutonic Order and crusading in Prussia and Livonia. He is currently a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of History at Nicholas Copernicus University in Toru?.