The Political Economy of Joining the European Union
The Political Economy of Joining the European Union
Iceland's Position at the Beginning of the 21st Century
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Contents - 6 List of Tables - 10 List of Figures - 12 List of Abbreviations - 14 Acknowledgements - 18 Preface - 20 1. Introduction - 24 2. Historical Overview - 28 3. Political Debate on Europe - 48 4. Economic Impact of EU Membership - 68 5. Economic and Monetary Union (The Euro) - 88 6. Agricultural Policy - 120 7. Fisheries Policy - 186 8. Making up the Balance and Conclusion - 244 Annex 1 - 250 Annex 2 - 251 Annex 3 - 253 Annex 4 - 255 Annex 5 - 257 Bibliography - 260 Samenvatting in het Nederlands (Summary in Dutch) - 280 Summary in English - 281 Útdráttur á íslensku (Summary in Icelandic) - 282

Magnus Bjarnason

The Political Economy of Joining the European Union

Iceland's Position at the Beginning of the 21st Century

Iceland can consider its participation in the European Economic Area (EEA) as an associate membership of the European Union (EU). Under the EEA agreement, Iceland participates in the EU free movement of capital, persons, services and industrial goods, along with cooperation in social policy and related fields. However, Iceland does not participate in the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), or in the EU Customs Union.
This dissertation studies the effects of full EU membership on Iceland’s Political Economy. It gives an overview of the EU, EEA and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), offering thorough analyses of the EMU, Agricultural Policy and Fisheries Policy. The dissertation also reviews the pros and cons of EU membership. A decision to join the EU is in the end a question of political choice and this dissertation is intended to make such a choice as informed as possible.

Magnus Bjarnason

Magnus Bjarnason (1960 Reykjavik, Iceland) is a graduate of the Danish Military Academy in Copenhagen. He has a Master of Business Administration and a Master of International Politics from Université Libre de Bruxelles in Belgium. Before writing his PhD dissertation The Political Economy of Joining the European Union, he worked for the Danish Government, the Icelandic Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and the United Nations. He has previously published a book and an article with political analysis of the Yugoslav civil war.