From Padi States to Commercial States
From Padi States to Commercial States
Reflections on Identity and the Social Construction Space in the Borderlands of Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar
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1 Introduction: from Padi States to Commercial States Preliminary Remarks Nations and States or Nation-States? Inner Zomia and Globalization: the Other among the Self Ethnogenesis: Ethnic Minorities or Social Groups? Identity Construction in the Borderlands 2 Populations on the Move in the Borderlands of Northeast Cambodia: Socio-Economic Changes and Identity Creation (F. Bourdier) Irremediable Interferences International Linkages, Newcomers, and Alternative Perspectives Theoretical Prospects 3 The Burmese 'Adaptive Colonization' of Southern Thailand (M. Boutry) Introduction Historical Background: the National Roots of International Migrations Rationale The Burmese Adaptive Colonization of Thailand Migrations, Exchanges and the Making of Borders The Perception of Borders and Segmentation of Migration Conclusion 4 The "Interstices": A History of Migration and Ethnicity (J. Ivanoff) How was the first Zomian created? Interactions and Segmentations The Creation of 'Sea-Zomians' The Moken in Thailand The Moken in Myanmar Ethnogenesis: Fear of Slavery Versus Nomad Ideology 5 Borders and Cultural Creativity: the Case of the Chao Lay, the Sea Gypsies of Southern Thailand (O. Ferrari) Introduction Are Borderlands Exclusively Administrative Features? Territory and Borderland as Manifold Concepts The Sea Gypsies in the Ethnoregional Social Fabric The Coast as a Borderland The Nomads and the Sea The Tenth Month Ceremony The Sea Gypsies and the National Borders Conclusion 6. Bibliography Index About the authors

From Padi States to Commercial States

Reflections on Identity and the Social Construction Space in the Borderlands of Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar

"Zomia" is a term coined in 2002 to describe the broad swath of mountainous land in Southeast Asia that has always been beyond the reach of lowland governments despite their technical claims to control. This book expands the anthropological reach of that term, applying it to any deterritorialised people, from cast-out migrants to modern resisters-in the process finding new ways to understand the realities of peoples and ethnicities that refuse to become part of the modern state.
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Frédéric Bourdier

Frédéric Bourdier is an anthropologist at the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement in Marseille.

Maxime Boutry

Maxime Boutry is an independent scholar who received his PhD in social anthropology and ethnology at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris in 2007.

Jacques Ivanoff

Jacques Ivanoff is an anthropologist at the French National Center for Scientific Research

Olivier Ferrari

Olivier Ferrari is associate researcher at the Research Institute on Contemporary Southeast Asia in Bangkok and lecturer at the Lausanne University in Switzerland.