Armed Batavians
Armed Batavians
Use and Significance of Weaponry and Horse Gear from Non-military Contexts in the Rhine Delta (50 BC to AD 450)
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Armed Batavians - 2 Contents - 8 Preface - 10 1 Introduction - 12 2 Military equipment and horse gear: a survey - 24 3 An analysis of the finds at the regional and site level - 76 4 Production and symbolic imagery - 140 5 Military equipment and the life cycle of a Roman soldier - 168 6 Non-military use of weaponry and horse gear in urban and rural settlements - 218 7 Warriors, soldiers and civilians. Use and significance of weaponryand horse gear in a changing socio-political context - 248 Abbreviations - 270 Bibliography - 271 Appendix 1 - 298 Appendix 2 - 306 Appendix 3.1 - 310 Appendix 3.2 - 312 Appendix 3.3 - 313 Appendix 3.4 - 314 Appendix 4 - 316 About the plates and the catalogue - 322

Johan Nicolay

Armed Batavians

Use and Significance of Weaponry and Horse Gear from Non-military Contexts in the Rhine Delta (50 BC to AD 450)

This study explores the use and significance of Roman weaponry and horse gear from non-military contexts in the eastern Rhine delta – the territory of the Batavians. Using a life-cycle model for Roman soldiers, the author interprets the large quantity of 1st-century finds as personal memorabilia brought home by ex-soldiers as a reminder of their 25 years of service, symbolising their newly-acquired veteran status. Underpinning the research is an extensive inventory of militaria from urban centres, rural settlements, cult places, rivers and graves, presented in 96 plates. The study not only presents a considerable body of unpublished data, but also offers an intriguing perspective on daily life in the northern frontier of the Roman Empire, with its closely interwoven military and civilian values.

Amsterdam Archaeological Studies is a series devoted to the study of past human societies from the prehistory up into modern times, primarily based on the study of archaeological remains. The series will include excavation reports of modern fieldwork; studies of categories of material culture; and synthesising studies with broader images of past societies, thereby contributing to the theoretical and methodological debates in archaeology.

Johan Nicolay

Johan Nicolay is a researcher at the Groningen Institute of Archaeology, University of Groningen. His current research interests are Roman-period and early medieval Frisia and the development of kingship in early medieval Europe.