Neighbourhood Effects on Firm Success and Strategy
Neighbourhood Effects on Firm Success and Strategy
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NEIGHBOURHOOD EFFECTS ON FIRM SUCCESS AND STRATEGY - 2 Index - 6 Acknowledgements - 8 Chapter 1 Introduction - 10 Chapter 2 A place for area-based policy? The survival and growth of local firms in Dutch residential neighbourhoods - 24 Chapter 3 Cohesion, liveability and firm success in Dutch neighbourhoods - 60 Chapter 4 The added value of neighbourhood-based support networks to local firm growth - 82 Chapter 5 Anchoring of firms in the neighbourhood: Does local social and physical order affect local firms’ investment strategies? - 112 Chapter 6 Exploring the role of the neighbourhood in firm relocation: Differences between stayers andmovers - 136 Chapter 7 The role of the neighbourhood for firm relocation - 158 Chapter 8 Conclusions and discussion - 174 References - 186 Buurteffecten op het succes en de strategieën van bedrijven(Samenvatting in het Nederlands) - 196

Bart Sleutjes

Neighbourhood Effects on Firm Success and Strategy

As a result of economic transitions and several societal developments over the past 50 years, residential neighbourhoods have developed from being places where people predominantly live into places where people also work. A growing number of small- and medium-sized firms are located in residential neighbourhoods, many of which are home-based. Triggered by relatively high levels of turbulence in residential neighbourhoods and inter-locality variation in firm survival, firm growth and firm relocation, this study concerned whether and how neighbourhood characteristics influence the success of local firms and the strategic options of their entrepreneurs.

The research demonstrates that some ‘neighbourhood effects’ on firm success and strategy do exist, especially for the growing group of solo entrepreneurs and firms in locally-oriented sectors. In particular the social context in which entrepreneurs are embedded matters, as cohesive neighbourhoods trigger both firm growth and entrepreneurial investments. Furthermore, the accumulation of liveability-related problems in disadvantaged neighbourhoods seems to contribute to an unfavourable business climate.

Bart Sleutjes

Bart Sleutjes (Roermond, 1983) is an economic and urban geographer. After gaining his master degree at the University of Amsterdam, he specialised in economic processes within residential neighbourhoods. His Ph.D. study was conducted at the Urban and Regional research centre Utrecht (URU), which is part of Utrecht University.