Mirrors of Entrapment and Emancipation
Mirrors of Entrapment and Emancipation
Forugh Farrokhzad and Sylvia Plath
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Table of Contents
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Note on Transliteration, Dates and Translation of Persian Poetry
Introduction: Women and Their Mirrors
chapter 1 – Mirroring in Mythology and Psychology
“I am That!”: Doubling in the Myth of Narcissus and Echo
The Petrifying Look: The Myth of Medusa
From Narcissus to Narcissism: Freud’s Psychological Exegesis of the Myth
The Subject as an Alienated Construct: Lacan’s Theory of the Mirror Stage
A Spatiotemporal Site of Psychological Interiority: Memory as a Mirror
Mother-Daughter: The Mutual Mirroring
Mirroring in Text chapter 2 – Mirror Imagery in the Works of Forugh Farrokhzad
A Herstory of a Subject-in-Process
Captive to the Male Gaze
The Mirror as an Eye
The Mirror of the Heart
The Otherness of the Self-image
The Mirror of the Memory and of the Imagination
The Grotesquery of the Mirror Image
The Mirror and the Window
Mother-Daughter Reciprocity in the Mirror
The Emancipated and Emancipating Mirror
Self-Mirroring in the Poetry of Forugh Farrokhzad
chapter 3 – Mirror Imagery in the Works of Sylvia Plath
The Mirror as the Intersection of Academic and Artistic Talent
The Mirror as a Weapon of the Femme Fatale
The Childless Woman: A Narcissist
The Gigolo: Male Narcissism
Woman as a Mirror of Male Ego
Mother in the Mirror
The Monstrous Degeneration Lurking in the Mirror
The Promising Mirror
Child as a Mirror
The Mirror Image Being Identical with the Self
The Appalling Otherness of the Specular Self
Appendix: Farrokhzad’s Poems Discussed in the Text with Their English Translation

Leila Bahmani

Mirrors of Entrapment and Emancipation

Forugh Farrokhzad and Sylvia Plath

Mirrors of Entrapment and Emancipation explores the rich diversity of the meanings associated with the mirror and reflection in literature by women on the basis of the works of the Persian Forugh Farrokhzad (1935-1967) and her American contemporary Sylvia Plath (1932-1963). These two poets astutely employed mirror images for the realization as well as for communication of their turbulent psycho-emotional states to their readers, thereby capturing and conveying the essence of women desperately trapped among the antithetical images of twentieth-century womanhood.

Leila Bahmani

Leila Rahimi Bahmany completed her doctorate at the Freie Universität Berlin.