The Persian Whitman
The Persian Whitman
Beyond a Literary Reception
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Table of Contents
1 Walt Whitman’s Life and Works
2 From Democratic Politics to Democratic Poetics Whitman’s Poetic Innovations Whitman’s Poetic Innovations and Democracy
3 Democracy and NationalismIntertwined Democracy and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century America Literary Democracy in Nineteenth-Century American Nationalism Leaves of Grass: Democratic National Poetry
4 A Persian Translation of Whitman The Persian Constitutional Movement and American Literature The New Intelligentsia and Poetry The First Translator of Whitman The First Translation of Whitman in Persia 1943 Reception of Whitman’s Translation
5 Critical Reception of Whitman Literary Modernism and the Initial Reception of Whitman, New Poetry and Whitman A N.m.ic Whitman: An Urban Innovative Poet
6 Creative Reception of Whitman “God's Weaver” and “A Noiseless Patient Spider” The Emergence of a Mixed-Breed Spider: When Two Literary Minds Meet
7 Political Reception of Whitman Poetic Modernism and Iranian Left Persian Poetic Modernism’s Oppositional Position
8 A Persian Translation of Whitman’s Image “The Laughing Philosopher” in a Persian Costume Persian Poetry, Iranian Politics and Whitman’s Image
9 A Post-2009 Reception of Whitman A Persian Mystic Poet on the Front Cover The Game Is Not Over Yet: The Rival Discourses Emerge The Interaction of Competing Discourses

Behnam Fomeshi

The Persian Whitman

Beyond a Literary Reception

Walt Whitman, a world poet and the father of American free verse, has been read by diverse audiences from around the world. Literary and cultural scholars have studied Whitman’s interaction with social, political and literary movements of different countries. Despite his continuing presence in Iran, Whitman’s reception in this country has remained unexplored. Additionally, Iranian reception of Western literature is a field still in its infancy and under-researched, particularly due to contemporary political circumstances. The Persian Whitman examines Whitman’s heretofore unexplored reception in Iran. It is primarily involved with the “Persian Whitman,” a new phenomenon born in diachronic and synchronic dialogue between the Persian culture and an American poet.

Behnam Fomeshi

Specialising in comparative literature, Behnam M. Fomeshi is interested in Iranian studies, American studies and in particular the intersection of the two. In addition to a Humboldt fellowship, he has received several grants including two for research at the University of St Andrews and Leiden University.