Researchers in landscape archaeology use two different definitions of landscape. One definition (landscape as territory) is used by the processual archaeologists, earth scientists, and most historical geographers within this volume. By contrast, post-processual archaeologists, new cultural geographers and anthropologists favour a more abstract definition of landscape, based on how it is perceived by the observer. Both definitions are addressed in this book, with 35 papers that are presented here and that are divided into six themes: 1) How did landscape change?; 2) Improving temporal, chronological and transformational frameworks; 3) Linking landscapes of lowlands with mountainous areas; 4) Applying concepts of scale; 5) New directions in digital prospection and modelling techniques, and 6) How will landscape archaeology develop in the future?
This volume demonstrates a worldwide interest in landscape archaeology, and the research presented here draws upon and integrates the humanities and sciences. This interdisciplinary approach is rapidly gaining support in new regions where such collaborations were previously uncommon.
Sjoerd Kluiving is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Geo- and Bioarchaeology at VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and is also Director of GEO-LOGICAL, an earth scientific research consultancy in Delft, the Netherlands.
Erika Guttmann-Bond is Senior Lecturer at the School of Archaeology, History and Anthropology at the University of Wales Trinity Saint David in the UK, as well as Professor of Landscape Archaeology at VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands.