Migrant Penalties in Educational Achievement
Migrant Penalties in Educational Achievement
Second-generation Immigrants in Western Europe
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1 Introduction 1.1 Children of migrants in Europe: which equal opportunities? 1.2 The promise of diversity-oriented methods 1.3 Structure of the book 2 Conceptual framework and case selection 2.1 Social inequalities in education 2.2 Educational systems as opportunity structures 2.3 Defining children of immigrants 2.4 Case selection: comparing immigration societies 2.5 Educational systems in Western Europe 3 The educational achievement of second-generation immigrants in Western Europe 3.1 Previous studies 3.1.1 A double disadvantage 3.1.2 The role of teachers, classrooms, and schools 3.1.3 Cross-country differences 3.2 Migrant penalties in educational achievement 3.2.1 Research questions and hypotheses 3.2.2 Analytical strategy 3.2.3 Data, operationalization, and models 3.2.4 Results and discussion 3.3 Compound disadvantages 3.3.1 Research questions 3.3.2 Analytical strategy 3.3.3 Operationalization: fuzzy-set calibration 3.3.4 Results and discussion 4 The role of educational systems for migrant learning disadvantage 4.1 Previous studies 4.1.1 Educational institutions and socio-economic disadvantage 4.1.2 Educational institutions and migrant learning disadvantage 4.1.3 Cross-country explanatory studies 4.2 Hypotheses formulation 4.2.1 Theoretically relevant dimensions of educational systems 4.2.2 Contextual factors 4.3 Analytical strategy 4.4 Operationalization 4.4.1 Variable construction 4.4.2 Fuzzy-set calibration 4.5 Results from a variable-oriented approach 4.5.1 Bivariate correlations 4.5.2 Multivariate analysis 4.5.3 Regression-tree analysis 4.6 Results from a diversity-oriented approach 4.6.1 Assessing individual necessity and sufficiency 4.6.2 Institutional configurations 4.6.3 fs-QCA: model construction and robustness checks 4.6.4 Final fs-QCA results and discussion 5 Conclusions 5.1 Key findings 5.2 Methodological contributions 5.3 Policy implications 5.4 Limitations and outlook A Appendix to chapter 3 B Appendix to chapter 4 List of tables List of figures References Endnotes

Camilla Borgna

Migrant Penalties in Educational Achievement

Second-generation Immigrants in Western Europe

The integration of second-generation immigrants has proved to be a major challenge for Europe in recent years. Though these people are born in their host nations, they often experience worse social and economic outcomes than other citizens. This volume focuses on one particular, important challenge: the less successful educational outcomes of second-generation migrants. Looking at data from seventeen European nations, Camilla Borgna shows that migrant penalties in educational achievement exist in each one-but that, unexpectedly, the penalties tend to be greater in countries in which socio-economic inequalities in education are generally more modest, a finding that should prompt reconsideration of a number of policy approaches.

Camilla Borgna

Camilla Borgna obtained a Ph.D. in Political Studies at the University of Milan in 2014 and is currently Senior Research Fellow in the unit 'Skill Formation and Labor Markets' at the WZB - Berlin Social Science Center. Her research lies at the intersection of social stratification, sociology of education, and comparative social policy. Her work appeared in the European Sociological Review, European Societies, Social Science Research, and in the Journal of European Social Policy.