10 Years of Profiling the European Citizen
€ 41,95 excl. VAT
Number of pages
Publication date
14 x 20 cm
Also available as
eBook PDF - € 0,00
Table of Contents
Show Table of ContentsHide Table of Contents
PART I Foreword Paul Nemitz Introitus: what Descartes did not get Mireille Hildebrandt Theories of normativity between law and machine learning - From agency-enhancement intentions to profile-based optimisation tools: what is lost in translation Sylvie Delacroix Mathematical values and the epistemology of data practices Patrick Allo Stirring the POTs: protective optimization technologies Seda Gürses, Rebekah Overdorf, Ero Balsa On the possibility of normative contestation of automated data-driven decisions Emre Bayaml?o?lu PART II Transparency theory for data-driven decision making - How is 'transparency' understood by legal scholars and the machine learning community? Karen Yeung and Adrian Weller Why data protection and transparency are not enough when facing social problems of machine learning in a big data context Anton Vedder Transparency is the perfect cover-up (if the sun does not shine) Jaap-Henk Hoepman Transparency as translation in data protection Gloria González Fuster PART III Presumption of innocence in data-driven government - The presumption of innocence's Janus head in data-driven government Lucia M. Sommerer Predictive policing. In defence of 'true positives' Sabine Gless The geometric rationality of innocence in algorithmic decisions Tobias Blanke On the presumption of innocence in data-driven government - Are we asking the right question? Linnet Taylor PART IV Legal and political theory in data-driven environments - A legal response to data-driven mergers Orla Lynskey Ethics as an escape from regulation - From "ethics-washing" to ethicsshopping? Ben Wagner Citizens in data land Arjen P. de Vries PART V Saving machine learning from p-hacking From inter-subjectivity to multisubjectivity - Knowledge claims and the digital condition Felix Stalder Preregistration of machine learning research design - Against P-hacking Mireille Hildebrandt Induction is not robust to search Clare Ann Gollnick PART VI The legal and ML status of micro-targeting - Profiling as inferred data. Amplifier effects and positive feedback loops Bart Custers A prospect of the future - How autonomous systems may qualify as legal persons Liisa Janssens Profiles of personhood. On multiple arts of representing subjects Niels van Dijk Imagining data, between Laplace's demon and the rule of succession Reuben Binns

Reviews and Features

"Inscrutable decisions based on hidden correlations lacking in interpretation and explanation are ever more fateful in deciding our fates. What can be said about a prescient, clearly written, interdisciplinary book on a neglected topic by frontierswomen and men that offers fresh ideas and guidance? Buy it and learn from it!" - Gary T. Marx, author of Windows Into the Soul: Surveillance and Society in an Age of High Technology "Ten years after the multidisciplinary speculations of Profiling the European citizen the need and urgency of similar deep-digging, playful and thought-provoking considerations about the shapes and powers of profiling in contemporary societies remain at least as strong as they were then. With the collection of provocations of BEING PROFILED:COGITAS ERGO SUM the authors vividly keep us alert about the tangible and possible consequences of profiling when it meets the still increasing capacities of machine learning and yields numerous real-world applications. A must for readers that want to stay in control their selves." - Serge Gutwirth, Co-director of the Centre for Law, Science, Technology & Society at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel


10 Years of Profiling the European Citizen

This book celebrates and mourns the increasing relevance of the 2008 volume of 'Profiling the European Citizen. Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives' (edited by Mireille Hildebrandt & Serge Gutwirth). Both volumes contain in-depth investigations by lawyers, philosophers and computer scientists into the legal, philosophical and computational background of the emerging algorithmic order. In BEING PROFILED:COGITAS ERGO SUM 23 scholars engage with the issues, underpinnings, operations and implications of micro-targeting, data-driven critical infrastructure, ethics-washing, p-hacking and democratic disruption. These issues have now become part of everyday life, reinforcing the urgency of the question: are we becoming what machines infer about us, or are we? This book has been designed as a work of art by Bob van Dijk, the hardcopy has been printed as a limited edition. The separate chapters (2000 word provocations) will become available in open access in 2019.

Emre Bayamlioglu

Emre Bayamlioglu is a researcher at the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT), the Netherlands. He is also an external fellow of the Research Group on Law Science Technology & Society (LSTS) at Vrije Universiteit Brussels. Before joining TILT in 2015, he has participated in the foundation of the Istanbul Bilgi University Information Technology Law Institute, and worked as a faculty member at Koç University Law School (2010-2015). His current research focuses on the transparency and contestability of automated decisions, and the possible legal impediments at the level of implementation.

Irina Baraliuc

Irina Baraliuc is an affiliated researcher at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel - Law, Science, Technology and Society (LSTS), she focuses her research on the public and the private in the digital world in relation to the enjoyment of copyright protected works online, and on the development of the concept of intellectual privacy. Since 2016, she is the cultural programme coordinator at the Privacy Salon non-profit organization working on bringing privacy, data protection, surveillance, algorithmic awareness as well as other legal, ethical and societal issues raised by technologies into public discussion by means of artistic interventions, public discussions and workshops.

Liisa Albertha Wilhelmina Janssens

Liisa Janssens is a scientist at the Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research (TNO) and a researcher at the research group for Law Science Technology and Society studies (LSTS) at Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB), Faculty of Law and Criminology. She is working on analyses that examine Artificial Intelligence in the scope of Law, Philosophy and Cybersecurity. She obtained a Master's degree in Law at Leiden Law School (LLM) and a Master's degree in Philosophy at Leiden University (MA). She was assigned to the project on ethics and 'The Internet of Things' by the Dutch Cyber Security Council (National Coordinator for Security and Counterterrorism of the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice). During her studies she was a trainee at SOLV lawyers and she was a trainee at the Dutch Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR).

Mireille Hildebrandt

Mireille Hildebrandt is a Research Professor at Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), appointed by the VUB Research Council on the Chair of 'Interfacing Law and Technology'. She also holds the Chair of 'Smart Environments, Data Protection and the Rule of Law', at Radboud University, Nijmegen. In 2018 she was awarded an ERC Advanced Grant for a 5 year research project on 'Counting as a human being in the era of computational law', see