The Netherlands and the Oil Crisis
The Netherlands and the Oil Crisis
Business as Usual
€ 67,95 excl. VAT
Number of pages
Publication date
16 x 24 cm
Table of Contents
Show Table of ContentsHide Table of Contents
Contents - 6 Foreword - 10 Ch.1: War in the Middle East - 14 Ch.2: Difficulties - 42 Ch.3: European Divisions - 74 Ch.4: Domestic Measures - 98 Ch.5: A European Summit - 118 Ch.6: Rationing - 158 Ch.7: From Copenhagen to Washington - 192 Ch.8: Sweating it out - 222 Conclusion - 256 Notes - 266 Archival Records - 298 List of Acronyms and Terms - 302 Bibliography - 305 Index of Names - 314 Index of Subjects - 317

Duco Hellema

The Netherlands and the Oil Crisis

Business as Usual

The Netherlands played a remarkable role during the October War and the oil crisis of 1973. In secret, the Dutch government sent a substantial amount of ammunition and spare parts to Israel. The Dutch supported Israel also politically. Within the EC they vetoed a more pro-Arab policy.
The Arab oil producing countries punished The Netherlands by imposing an oil embargo. The embargo against the Netherlands was intimidating. The Netherlands was dependent on Arab oil. The embargo seemed to threaten the Dutch position in the international oil sector. The government introduced several measures to reduce oil consumption. However, within two months it became clear that oil continued to arrive in Rotterdam. There was in fact no oil shortage in the Netherlands. The Netherlands even profited from the oil crisis. The energy situation in The Netherlands was much better than in other West European countries. The Dutch, therefore, rejected French plans for a more interventionist energy policy. Atlanticism and liberalism were the key words of the Dutch policy during the oil crisis.
This book is the result of intensive research in all relevant Dutch archives. The authors had free access to all the files they wanted to see. They also used resources from other countries involved. Many politicians were interviewed. The result is a surprising analysis of the oil crisis of 1973, and of the Dutch role in particular.

Duco Hellema

Duco Hellema is professor of the History of International Relations at the University of Utrecht. Cees Wiebes is lecturer in International Relations at the Political Science Department of the University of Amsterdam. Toby Witte is lecturer in Political Science at the Rotterdam Polytechnic.