“Most of Europe’s population growth comes from immigrants. Immigrant entrepreneurship is poorly understood, and Nahikari Irastorza has blazed a trail for Spain and the Basque Country with this fascinating study.” Jonathan Levie, Reader, Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow
“This work presents a unique analysis to explain the differential success of Spanish immigrant entrepreneurs by employing the intriguing concept of the liability of foreignness, which alone warrants a careful reading of this book.” Don DeVoretz, Professor of Economics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia
"This is a much-welcomed book for all those interested in understanding the fast pace of immigration to Spain. Quite unusual in European literature, it addresses migrant entrepreneurship through an economist’s approach, resorting to a combination of quantitative data and qualitative survey. The result is a comprehensive look at contemporary Spanish migration, a critical appraisal of national policies’ shortcomings and a diagnosis for challenging some of migration studies’ previous analyses." Margarida Marques, New University of Lisbon
Are immigrants more enterprising than natives in Spain? How successful are migrant entrepreneurs compared to those who start businesses in their country of birth? With the growth of migration worldwide, questions such as these are garnering the attention of economists, policymakers and scholars. Born Entrepreneurs? asks how foreignness affects an immigrant’s ability to launch and to grow a successful business. It also explores the economic and social benefits that immigrants might derive from self-employment and the unique factors at play in so-called ethnic and immigrant entrepreneurship.