Showcasing Science
Showcasing Science
A History of Teylers Museum in the Nineteenth Century
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Table of Contents Chapter I: Introduction I. Teylers at the Paris Electrical Exhibition II. Teylers Museum III. Museums and Popular Science IV. Structure and Intended Readership of the Book Chapter II: The Birth of a Musaeum I The Museum's Pre-History 1. Martinus van Marum and the Beginning of the Age of Museums 2. Martinus van Marum's Formative Years and The Holland Society of Sciences 3. Pieter Teyler van der Hulst 4. The Contents of Pieter Teyler's Last Will and Testament 5. Contextualising the Will: Mennonite Governors in Haarlem 6. Teyler's Choice of "Arts and Sciences" II The Establishment of Teylers Museum 1. A Financial Setback 2. The Teyler Foundation's First Trustees 3. The Appointment of a Kastelein 4. The Foundation's Buildings 5. The Haarlem Drawing Academy 6. Teylers Learned Societies 7. Prize Essay Competitions 8. Pieter Teyler's Prints and Drawings 9. Birth of a Musaeum 10. The Design of the Oval Room 11. Ideas for the Oval Room 12. Van Marum Is Appointed Director of Teylers Museum 13. Teylers Museum and the Public 14. Musaeum or Museum Chapter III: Van Marum - Empiricism and Empire I Van Marum's Work at Teylers Museum 1. Van der Vinne Resigns 2. Experiments with the Cuthbertson Electrostatic Generator 3. Van Marum Generates Attention 4. From Physics to Chemistry 5. A Financial Windfall 6. The Addition of a Laboratory 7. Van Marum's Acquisition Plans 8. Amateurs and Professionals 9. London and the Aftermath 10. Van Marum's Practical Appliances 11. Van Marum and the Earth Sciences 12. French Occupation 13. Cuvier and the Mosasaur 14. Homo Diluvii Testis, Lying Stones and Ohio 15. A Matter of Faith 16. Aesthetic Value 17. Van Marum's Dispute with the Trustees II Van Marum's "Philosophy of Science" 1. Van Marum's Take on Kant 2. A Matter of Belief 3. Relying on Experiments 4. The Practical Turn 5. Van Marum's Lectures During the French Occupation 6. A Summary of Van Marum's Ideals III Open All Hours: Public Accessibility of Teylers Museum 1780-1840 1. Tourism Emerges 2. Selection of Visitors? 3. Early Travel Reports of Teylers Museum 4. Teylers Museum as "Testimony to the Histoy of Physics" IV The Forgotten Art 1. No Great Connoisseur of Pictures 2. Christina of Sweden's Collection of Drawings 3. Changing Definitions of "Art" 4. Paintings by Contemporary Artists Chapter IV: Van der Willigen - Precision and the Discipline of Physics I. An Unexpected Guessing Game (Intro) II. Volkert Simon Maarten van der Willigen (I): Early Years 2. A New Methodology 3. The Athenaeum in Deventer 4. Amateurs, Specialists and True Physics III. The Art of Presenting 1. The Rise of Public Art Exhibitions 2. The First Art Gallery, a Permanent Exhibition? 3. The More Visitors, the More Exclusive? IV. Changing Defintion of Museums 1. From Scholarly Musaeum to Educational Museum 2. The Great Exhibition, "Albertopolis" and the South Kensington Museum 3. The Public Museum in Support of Public Mores 4. Prince Albert and the History of Art 5. London to Haarlem V. Jacob Gijsbertus Samuël van Breda at Teylers Museum 1. Mid-Century Dutch Liberalism 2. Some Critics of Official Dutch Museum Policy 3. Jacob Gijsbertus Samuël van Breda 4. Van Breda, Logeman, Winkler 5. Different Approaches to Collecting 6. The Rhenish Mineral-Office Krantz 7. "Monuments of Science" VI. Volkert Simon Maarten van der Willigen (II): Curator in Haarlem 1. On the Job 2. Van der Willigen's Work in Haarlem 3. Public Lectures and the Centennial in Philadelphia 4. The Special Loan Collection at South Kensington 5. Febris Rheumatica Articularis Chapter V: Lorentz - Function Follows Form and Theory Leads to Experiment I. Themes of the Chapter II. A New Type of Museum 1. New Government Policy in the 1870s 2. The New Annex to Teylers Museum 3. Guards at Teylers Museum 4. Teylers New Annex and the Rijksmuseum III. T.C. Winkler and E. van der Ven 1. Tiberius Cornelis Winkler 2. Elisa van der Ven IV. Function Follows Form 1. Moving House 2. Function Follows Form 3. The Bir

Martin P.M. Weiss

Showcasing Science

A History of Teylers Museum in the Nineteenth Century

Teylers Museum was founded in 1784 and soon thereafter became one of the most important centres of Dutch science. The Museum’s first director, Martinus van Marum, famously had the world’s largest electrostatic generator built and set up in Haarlem. This subsequently became the most prominent item in the Museum’s world-class, publicly accessible, and constantly growing collections. These comprised scientific instruments, mineralogical and palaeontological specimens, prints, drawings, paintings, and coins. Van Marum’s successors continued to uphold the institution’s prestige and use the collections for research purposes, while it was increasingly perceived as an art museum by the public. In the early twentieth century, the Nobel Prize laureate Hendrik Antoon Lorentz was appointed head of the scientific instrument collection and conducted experiments on the Museum’s premises. Showcasing Science: A History of Teylers Museum in the Nineteenth Century charts the history of Teylers Museum from its inception until Lorentz’ tenure. From the vantage point of the Museum’s scientific instrument collection, this book gives an analysis of the changing public role of Teylers Museum over the course of the nineteenth century.

Martin P.M. Weiss

Martin P.M. Weiss is a historian of science at the German Maritime Museum. He studied in Aachen and Utrecht and received his PhD from Leiden University.