1. The Link to Today
2. ‘Islam’ and ‘Europe’
3. Europe’s Interaction with Islam
Chapter One. Uncivilized Europe (700–1000 ce)
Chapter Two. Crusading Europe (1000–1500 ce)
Chapter Three. Divided Europe (1500–1700 ce)
Chapter Four. Powerful Europe (1700–1950 ce)
Chapter Five. Struggling Europe (1950–)
Epilogue: Islamization of Europe or Europanization of Islam?
A Brief History of Islam in Europe
Thirteen Centuries of Creed, Conflict and Coexistence
The following text is not available in English and will be shown in Dutch.
Maurits S. Berger is Professor of Islam and the West at Leiden University. He is also a Senior Research Associate at the Clingendael Institute for International Relations in The Hague, and a member of the Advisory Council for International Affairs at the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He often engages in European public debates and policies regarding the Muslim world and Muslims in the West.