Portrait Cultures of the Early Modern Cardinal
Portrait Cultures of the Early Modern Cardinal
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Introduction: Cardinals and their Images
1. Portraying the Princes of the Church (Piers Baker-Bates and Irene Brooke)
2. The Early Modern Cardinal - An Historical Appraisal (Miles Pattenden)

Part I – Individuality and Identity: Florence and Rome
3. Visual and Verbal Portraits of Cardinals in Fifteenth-Century Florence (Brian Jeffrey Maxson)
Dead Ringers: Cardinals and their Effigies, 1400–1520 (Carol M. Richardson)

Part II – Divided Loyalties: Venice and Rome
5. The Role of Cardinals' Portraits in Venice: The Case of the Grimani Family and Some Thoughts on the Correr MS Morosini Grimani (Sarah Ferrari)
6. Role Playing: Cardinals in Historical Action in Leandro Bassano’s Honorius III Approving the Rule of St. Dominic in 1216 and the War of the Interdict (Alessandra Pattanaro)

Part III – Collecting and Display: Portraits and Worldly Goods
7. Renaissance Cardinals and Pontifical Mules (Philippa Jackson)
8. Portraits as Symbols: Cardinals' Portraits in the Roman and Local Collections of Some Counter-Reformation Cardinals (Thomas-Leo True)
9. Portraits as a Sign of Possession: Cardinals and their Protectorships in Early Modern Rome (Arnold Witte)

Part IV – Post-Tridentine Piety: The Devout Cardinal
10. Group Portraits of Cardinal Bembo and his Friends in the Wake of Trent (Irene Brooke)
11. Two Cardinal Portraits by Scipione Pulzone in the Harvard Art Museums and their Related Versions (Danielle Carrabino)
12. Miracle-Working Portraits of a Cardinal Saint: Managing the Devotional Medals of San Carlo Borromeo (Minou Schraven)

Conclusion: Cardinal Portraits beyond Italy
13. Portraying the Ideal Spanish Tridentine Prelate (Piers Baker-Bates)


Piers Baker-Bates, Irene Brooke (eds)

Portrait Cultures of the Early Modern Cardinal

The visual legacy of early modern cardinals constitutes a vast and extremely rich body of artworks, many of superb quality, in a variety of media, often by well-known artists and skilled craftsmen. Yet cardinal portraits have primarily been analyzed within biographical studies of the represented individual, in relation to the artists who created them, or within the broader genre of portraiture. Portrait Cultures of the Early Modern Cardinal addresses questions surrounding the production, collection, and status of the cardinal portrait, covering diverse geographies and varied media. Examining the development of cardinals' imagery in terms of their multi-layered identities, this volume considers portraits of 'princes of the Church' as a specific cultural phenomenon reflecting cardinals' unique social and political position.

Piers Baker-Bates

Piers Baker-Bates is a Visiting Research Associate at the Open University. He has published extensively on Sebastiano del Piombo and the cultural relations between Italy and Spain in the sixteenth century, including his monographic study Sebastiano del Piombo and the World of Spanish Rome.

Irene Brooke

Irene Brooke is an Associate Lecturer at the Courtauld. Her research focuses on the art and culture of Renaissance Venice. She has published several articles on the Venetian cardinal, Pietro Bembo, and on the engraver, Giulio Campagnola. She recently edited a volume on portraits of Renaissance cardinals published by AUP.